Date of publication: 2017-07-08 18:06
The two documents come from the Department of National Parks of Thailand, maybe there is a problem of translation ot Thai language in the 8775 poster 8776 ? However, there are in the list four protected species of beetles (Cheirotonus parryi, Cladagnathus giraffa, Mouhotia batesi, Mormolyce phyllodes) which dont appear in the poster.
Washington State and possibly others also have SCP policies that are supposedly for all species, but are not enforced for insects (so I am told). Honestly, I 8767 m not entirely sure that it 8767 s wise to poke around for an official clarification because if there really is some ambiguity, it might give the powers-that-be 8775 ideas 8776 . In any event, I have read the application for the California SCP and it is very detailed and strict. It seems to totally exclude any casual or recreational collecting, even with the fee.
US National Forest policy has not changed in recent years. If you 8767 re conducting Bombus for a scientific project you will need to contact the ranger district in which you will be collecting to acquire a collecting permit (free, not too complicated). Here in IL I 8767 ve been granted one fairly quickly. If your work is for your own personal interest no permits are required.
I 8767 m pretty sure you still need a permit. If you aren 8767 t doing a research collection then you would be considered a 8775 commercial 8776 collector even if it 8767 s for yourself. This would involve many more complicated permits with lots of expensive fees (and/or bribes). I think the mindset of most permitting agencies is that either you 8767 re a researcher or a seller, there is no middle ground for a private collector to just enjoy a hobby.
Qualitative research data collection methods are time consuming, therefore data is usually collected from a smaller sample than would be the case for quantitative approaches - therefore this makes qualitative research more expensive.
The term “significance” has a specific meaning when you’re discussing statistics. The level of significance of a statistical result is the level of confidence you can have in the answer you get. Generally, researchers don’t consider a result significant unless it shows at least a 95% certainty that it’s correct (called level of significance, since there’s a 5% chance that it’s wrong). The level of significance is built into the statistical formulas: once you get a mathematical result, a table (or the software you’re using) will tell you the level of significance.
Although I have no specific information on collection in Guatemala, I would assume that it is the same as in all the Latin-American countries: you wil need a permit, and it is probably difficult to obtain. Photographing (catch and release)may be allowed, but be careful. If someone see you they may assume you have the intension to collect. Wherever collection permits are needed, export permissions are probably also needed. Import of live species to Britain is a matter for British authorities. Live species in transit in USA may be a problem. Chris should know more about that. I will assume that you need a permission from US authorities.
No permit required in Norway except for the protected species that are listed above. Mammals and birds are generally protected in national parks, but invertebrates are not protected, so basically you can collect everywhere except for a few military sites which are off limit to the public.
CUBA: Travel to Cuba for US Citizens is restricted but IS permitted for professionals conducting research. Recent changes in enforcement by the Obama administration make travel to Cuba for research much easier. Permits to travel there can be obtained via the Department of Treasure and this website. As far as collecting permits you should find a local scientist and contact them (and then bring me with you).
Hi Zdenek,I agree with you about the black market. I am sure that most of the material offered on eBay or other similar online sites have no legal who is going to investigate them all, and why? Entomologists collect a lot of insects, it is true, but this is absolutely nothing compared with the masses of insects (and other wildlife) killed by urbanisation, deforestation, agriculture and light-pollution all over the commercial collecting (harvesting)and farming should be condoned in most cases because in many tropical areas this could be the only 8775 cash crop 8776 to a struggling population. Anyway, this still leaves my original question without an answer :-))
My Environmental Education Evaluation Resource Assistant (MEERA) provides extensive information on how to Analyze Data . Within their guide, they answer various questions such as: What type of analysis do I need?, How do I analyze qualitative/quantitative data?, and What software can I use to analyze qualitative/quantitative data?