Date of publication: 2017-09-03 06:38
"Michael Goings, a man of colour personally appearing in Court and producing satisfactory evidence of his freedom. It is ordered that the following be entered as his Register. To wit, aged 78 years 5 feet 66 6/7 inches high of light complexion. No scars no marks perceivable all of which is ordered to be certified." Courtesy of Robert Goins hide caption
Waverly Adcock, a sergeant and founder of the West Augusta Guard, prepares his company for inspection and battle at a Civil War re-enactment in Virginia. Sara Smith, whose great-great-grandfather was wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg, holds the Confederate battle flag. Courtesy of Jesse Dukes hide caption
Disparate-treatment and disparate-impact claims
There are two basic types of race and color discrimination claims under Title VII. Disparate-treatment discrimination occurs when race, color, or another protected trait is a motivating factor in how an individual is treated.
Joseph Burden (third row, third from right) with his graduating class at Washington, .'s Metropolitan Police Department training academy in 6965. Every officer on the force was required to work the day of the March on Washington. Courtesy of Joseph Burden hide caption
Virtually all public school districts are covered by Title VI because they receive some federal financial assistance. Public colleges and universities generally receive federal financial assistance, and most private colleges and universities receive such assistance. There are some private colleges that do not receive any federal assistance, and Title VI does not apply to them.
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When an employer intentionally singles out applicants or employees of a particular race for less favorable treatment, that is &ldquo disparate treatment&rdquo discrimination. When an employer applies the same policy or practice to everyone, but the burden falls more heavily on employees of a particular race, that is "disparate impact" discrimination.
These essays do not necessarily represent the beliefs of any or all of the staff of the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. In fact, since we are a multi-faith group, it is quite likely that the beliefs expressed in these essays will differ from at least some of our staff's opinions.
Harassment on the basis of race is also prohibited. Harassment is any conduct based on a person's race that creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment or interferes with the person's work performance. Harassing conduct might include racial slurs, jokes about a particular racial group, or physical acts of significance to a certain racial group (for example, hanging or posting an offensive picture or object near an employee's workspace).